New research and training could mean that there is an increase in the survival rate of cardiac arrest patients as well as a reduction in brain damage of these same individuals. The new treatment – cooling therapy – is being taught to New York City paramedics. This is definitely welcome news for those working in the ER, such as Josyann Abisaab MD, Assistant Attending Physician at New York Presbyterian Hospital.
If you think you’re having a heart attack, you’ll certainly want to be aware of the symptoms that would indicate that this is the case. Here, we explain more about Myocardial Infarction, otherwise known as a heart attack.
Symptoms of heart attack can include:
* Chest pain or pressure (a feeling of heaviness or “an elephant sitting on my chest”) that lasts for more than a few minutes and does not go away with rest. This is the most common symptom and must not be ignored. People who experience this symptom need to seek immediate emergency medical attention. Experiencing chest pain does not always
indicate that a person is having a heart attack but this is a symptom that needs to be fully evaluated.
* Pain that spreads (or radiates) to the back, shoulders, neck, jaw, or arms.
* Chest pain along with feeling dizzy, faint, clammy, nauseated, or short of breath.
Some women who have experienced a heart attack can complain of “atypical” symptoms such as difficulty breathing or “flu-like” symptoms such as fatigue, weakness, clammy or sweaty skin, aching or indigestion, in addition to, or instead of, the other more typical heart attack symptoms, such as chest pain and pressure. Research has also shown that women can often receive different treatment for their heart disease. Women are less likely than men to get full diagnostic work-ups for chest pain, and are more likely than men to die from a first heart attack. There may be a misperception on the part of women and/or their health care providers that heart disease is something only men get. This sometimes leads women and
their doctors to skip screenings and ignore symptoms.
If you feel any of these symptoms, it’s important not to ignore your feelings. Seek the medical attention that you need in the emergency room immediately and get the help that you deserve quickly.
Back in 2004 former President Bill Clinton underwent quadruple bypass surgery due to extensive heart disease, including over 90% blockages in some of his arteries. At that time there was a surge in the number of middle-aged men going for doctor visits to have their own hearts checked, a phenomenon which came to be referred to as “Clinton Syndrome.” More recently, Bill Clinton was once again back in the hospital this past Thursday, February 11th, having stent surgery to improve blood flow to his heart muscle. This minimally invasive and routine procedure was performed after Clinton complained of chest pains.
The following is a brief discussion of types of chest pain and what they signify.
Heart Disease and Angina (Chest Pain)
The most common symptom of coronary artery disease is angina, also known simply as chest pain. It can be described as a discomfort, heaviness, pressure, aching, burning, fullness, squeezing, or painful feeling in the chest. Angina pain may also be felt in the shoulders, arms, neck, throat, jaw, or back. Often, it can be mistaken for indigestion. Angina is due to decreased blood flow to an area of the heart muscle. This can be due to atherosclerotic plaques in the coronary arteries which supply blood flow to the heart muscle or sometimes due to spasm of such arteries. If you have this symptom, seek medical attention immediately.
There are 3 types of Angina:
Stable angina. The pain has a predictable pattern and is present only during exertion, disappearing with rest. Stable angina can usually be managed with medications.
Unstable angina. This may progress to a heart attack. Unstable angina is different from regular angina pain. It may occur more frequently, usually at rest, feel more severe, last longer, or come on with minimal activity. It requires immediate and more intense medical treatment or a procedure such as angioplasty or stent placement.
Prinzmetal’s angina. This is when chest pain occurs at rest, when sleeping, or when exposed to cold temperatures. The symptoms are caused by decreased blood flow to the heart’s muscle from a spasm of the coronary artery. This type of angina can usually be treated with medications.